After Iraqi forces defeated the so-called Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) in 2017 and regained control of areas that belonged to them, the rate of internally displaced persons (IDPs) returning to their area of origin (AoO ) remained relatively weak. To facilitate returns, the Iraqi government launched a plan to close IDP camps in 2019. In 2020, with the global COVID-19 pandemic, camp closures were suspended. In October 2020, the government resumed camp closures. At the end of 2020, 11 camps were closed and four reclassified as informal sites. Across federal Iraq, 27 camps remained open at the time of data collection, until November 2021, when Amriyat al Fallujah was reclassified as an informal site. As of November 2021, nearly 1.2 million IDPs remain in protracted displacement across the country. This included nearly 180,000 people who resided in 26 official IDP camps after the reclassification of Almriyat al-Fallujah.
As camps close and the context in Iraq shifts from emergency response to stabilization and development, the Iraq Camp Coordination and Camp Management (CCCM) cluster strategy aims to support the consolidation and closure of camps safely, and to ensure that minimum CCCM standards are met in all camps. The REACH assessment of movement intentions conducted in June-August 2021 showed that only 2% of IDPs in camps intended to return to their AoO within 12 months of data collection. Low rates of return intentions make IDPs in camps vulnerable to shocks should IDP camps close.
The CCCM Iraq Cluster and REACH conduct semi-annual profiling assessments of IDP camps to inform more effective humanitarian assistance for IDPs living in camps. The information obtained will be used to monitor camp conditions and highlight priority needs and service gaps faced by households (HHs) in formal IDP camps across Iraq, as well as multi-sectoral differences between the camps. This information will be used to respond to the needs of displaced people, as well as to inform the prioritization of camps to consolidate or close, if necessary.
This report reflects the fifteenth round of household surveys, conducted between June 16 and August 9, 2021, 12 months after the previous round of camp profiling conducted between August 16 and September 10, 2020. Data collection has took place in 27 formal IDP camps (Table 1) . Of the 27 camps covered, 26 camps remained open at the end of 2021.